In some countries, literacy rates are low (check Niger, Pakistan, and Sudan's disparity in male/female literacy rates) and childhood marriages (which can occur as early as age 7) are common. Women have very few rights and are regularly beaten and assaulted.
The problems that face women (to learn more about global women's issues, read this book) in other nations are complex, and cannot be solved easily. But education and opportunity are two of the biggest ways we can impact the lives of women globally. And, if we are as blessed as we say we are, we have an obligation to share those blessings with others.
One of my favorite organizations that helps improve the lives of women all over the world is Kiva, a microfinance organization that gives poor women (and men) small loans to start or improve their businesses. When women have access to money, suddenly their lives improve. People start to listen to them, and their children are lifted out of poverty. This is truly family-friendly work.
I once watched a TED talk by Kiva founder Jessica Jackley, and I was inspired by her motivation to help the poor. She doesn't just preach it, she lives it. So if you're feeling fortunate today, lend $25 to Kiva or find another way to help someone who is not as fortunate as you are.